Following the census, IDC undertakes a baseline study to capture socio-economic, health and cultural information to help inform us of the key stakeholders, those economically and physically affected by the resettlement or loss of access to natural resources, public services or markets. approach to livelihoods and vulnerable peoples support and eventually enable monitoring and evaluation of those affected post resettlement.


The baseline achieves two things:

Firstly, it enables an understanding of the potential impact on individual households and communities so that appropriate provisions under the international safeguards can be developed with project-affected peoples (PAPs).

Secondly, it serves as a measure to ascertain whether the RAP has been successful; that the people are no worse off and in fact, it has actually improved lives and livelihoods.

The challenge often is that both PAPs and Government are unaware of the necessity of the baseline and presume they will be just paid cash after the census.


  • As part of IDC’s standard practice on fulfilling national guidelines and protocols, the RAP process of compensation initially on entering communities.
  • IDC undertakes socio-economic studies to understand impacts on lives and livelihoods as well as ascertain PAPs hopes and concerns.
  • IDC uses participatory processes to develop innovative solutions with PAPs to ensure they are better off than on before. This manages expectations, ensures cooperation in the process and buy-in to the more unfamiliar in-kind compensation options.